Suomenlinna combines large visitor numbers with cultural values that require conservation measures, the need among the Helsinki region’s population to have local recreational sites, and the day-to-day life of local residents. Sustainable tourism methods must be leveraged to ensure the site’s cultural, social, ecological and economical prosperity.
Suomenlinna’s evolution into a tourist attraction
Travel guides during Swedish rule described Finland as a transit route to Lapland or Russia. Finland’s reputation and Suomenlinna soon spread beyond Swedish borders.
- By the 19th century, the fortress was already mentioned in several travel guides.
- Café Piper opened in 1928 and the Ehrensvärd Museum in 1930.
- Landing rights were revoked in 1948.
- The year of the 1952 Helsinki Summer Olympics saw the opening of Restaurant Walhalla and the launch of a ferry service operated by a new passenger ferry.
- In the early 1990s, the annual number of visitors was approximately 300,000.
- Suomenlinna was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991 as a destination with considerable tourist appeal.
- The 250th anniversary of the fortress in 1998 began a new era of tourism in Suomenlinna.